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April 21, 2009 at 6:31 pm (Uncategorized)

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The Nation’s First Graded Prison System

April 21, 2009 at 5:17 pm (Uncategorized)

With the opening of the Ohio State Reformatory in 1896, the state legislature had put in place “the most complete prison system, in theory, which exists in the United States.” The reformatory joined the Ohio Penitentiary and the Boys Industrial School, also central-Ohio institutions, to form the first instance of “graded prisons; with the reform farm on one side of the new prison, for juvenile offenders, and the penitentiary on the other, for all the more hardened and incorrigible class.” However, even as the concept was being replicated throughout the country, the staffs of the institutions were faced with the day-to-day struggle of actually making the system work.

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